4 – Treatment of Hypertension In Patients With Comorbidities – Extracts From The New 2017 Hypertension Guidelines

This is the fourth of nine posts extracting the highlights of the new 2017 hypertension guidelines (Resource 2). The nine posts are:

Resources

2017 ACC/AHA/AAPA/ABC/ACPM/AGS/APhA/ASH/ASPC/NMA/PCNA Guideline for
the Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Management of High Blood Pressure in
Adults [PubMed Citation] [Full Text PDF]. Hypertension. 2017 Nov 13. pii: HYP.0000000000000065. doi: 10.1161/HYP.0000000000000065. Epub ahead of print

2017 ACC/AHA/AAPA/ABC/ACPM/AGS/APhA/ASH/ASPC/NMA/PCNA Guideline for the Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Management of High Blood Pressure in Adults: Executive Summary: A Report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Clinical Practice Guidelines. [PubMed Citation] [Full Text PDF].

The following are extracts from the executive summary of the 2017 Hypertension Guidelines (Resource 2):

9. Hypertension in Patients With Comorbidities

Certain comorbidities may affect clinical decision-making in hypertension. These include ischemic heart disease, HF with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF), HFpEF, CKD (including renal transplantation), cerebrovascular disease, AF, PAD, DM, and metabolic syndrome (1). As noted in Section 8.1.2, this guideline generally recommends use of BP-lowering medications for secondary prevention of CVD in patients with clinical CVD (CHD, HF, and stroke) and an average BP ≥130/80 mm Hg and for primary prevention of CVD in adults with an estimated 10-year ASCVD risk of ≥10% and an average SBP ≥130 mm Hg or an average DBP ≥80 mm Hg. Although we recommend use of the ACC/AHA Pooled Cohort Equations (http://tools.acc.org/ASCVDRisk-Estimator/) to estimate 10-year risk of ASCVD to establish the BP threshold for treatment, the vast majority of adults with a co-morbidity are likely to have a 10-year risk of ASCVD that exceeds 10%. In some instances, clinical trial confirmation of treatment in patients with comorbidities is limited to a target BP of 140/90 mm Hg. In addition, the selection of medications for use in treating high BP in patients with CVD is guided by their use for other compelling indications (e.g., beta blockers after MI, ACE inhibitors for HFrEF), as discussed in specific guidelines for the clinical condition (2-4). The present guideline does not address the recommendations for treatment of hypertension occurring with acute coronary syndromes.

fig C
fig D

fig E

fig F

fig G

fig H

fig I

fig J

fig K

fig M

fig N

fig O

fig P

fig1
fig2

fig3

fig4

fig5

This entry was posted in Family Medicine, Guidelines, Hypertension, Internal Medicine. Bookmark the permalink.